New laws brought in from 01/12/2015 state that all private landlords are required to have all electrics within their property checked and tested by a fully qualified and registered electrical contractor within a 5 year period.
- Any installations in the property for the supply of electricity
- Electrical fixtures and fittings
- Any appliances provided by the landlord under the tenancy.
Property owners should be in a position to show that all of the electrical equipment are in a acceptable state of maintenance and in proper functional condition.
So what do landlords need to do?
Landlords are required to guarantee that frequent electrical safety reports are doneby a fully qualified electrician, and that everything that fails to pass the assessment is upgraded or repaired immediately.
Ideally, an electrical safety inspection must be undertaken:
- Prior to the tenancy starting
- Throughout the tenancy, at periods of no more than five years from the time of the previous examination.
A duplicate of the current electrical safety inspection report must be supplied to both the new and retained tenants.
The person who conducts the inspections needs to be appointed by a firm that is a member of an accredited registration scheme operated by a body recognized by the Scottish Government – this will commonly mean that they are a registered NICEIC electrician.
Periods Of Transition
The Scottish government guidelines specifies the transitional rules for the scheme.
- It calls for any new tenant to receive an EICR if they take up their occupancy following the 01/12/2015.
- Any existing tenant to receive a version of an EICR prior to the 1st December 2016 (providing their lease does not finish before then).
- If an EICR (or new installation certificate) is obtainable for the residence that was produced since 01/12/12, this is however in its perceived five year lifecycle this is still valid (for 5 years from issue). These do not require any PAT report.
- Any EICR produced after 01/12/15 will also require Appliance test reports.
What happens during the electrical safety inspection?
The current inspection has 2 sections:
- An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) – formerly known as a Periodic Inspection Report (PIR) – on the safety of the electrical installations, fixtures and fittings.
- A Portable Appliance Test (PAT) on any portable appliances that you have provided by the landlord.
For the Electrical Installation Condition Report, the registered electrician will carry out checks of installations for the supply of electricity, electrical fittings (including but not limited to switches, sockets and light fittings) and fixed electrical equipment (including but not limited to boilers, panel and storage heaters and hard-wired smoke and fire detectors).
As a result, the electrician will produce an EICR document that highlights any problems using different classifications: code C1 indicating ‘danger present’, code C2 indicating ‘potentially dangerous’ and code FI indicating ‘further investigation required. Any remedial work that is undertaken as a result of the inspection will then be recorded on a Minor Electrical Installation Works Certificate.
You may have a copy of an Electrical Installation Certificate rather than an EICR if:
- Your property is a new build
- The property has been fully rewired.
If you have an Electrical Installation Certificate, you can provide this to demonstrate that your property complies with the new guidance, provided that the date of the next inspection indicated on the certificate has not elapsed..
The PAT test covers any movable electrical equipment that the landlord has provided as part of the tenancy (refrigerators, toasters, TVs, etc.) and must be carried out by either a registered electrician or any person who has completed appropriate training as a PAT Tester (which can include the landlord)
Anything that fails to pass the electrical safety inspection or PAT test must be replaced or repaired immediately.
Find out more
Call our office to speak to one of our team on 0131 538 3640